The park called before the intervention Parco di Villa Longobardi was declared of cultural interest pursuant to art. 12 of Legislative Decree 42/2004 (monumental constraint) is one of the important works of the landscape architect and engineer Antonio Caregaro carried out between 1855 and 1861 on behalf of the Dalla family Vida. The area underwent an important deformation intervention when a residential villa (Villa Longobardi) with an underground garage was built in the years 1940/1950, completely extraneous to the delicate landscape context.
The Park, despite numerous interventions that have taken place over the years, had maintained some focal elements which, despite the state of degradation in which the park was pouring, were still recognizable.
The project is divided into thematic strategic actions that start from the recognition of the historical-botanical value of the Park, to restore a new balance within the landscape structure and at the same time, exploiting existing regenerated extraneous elements, functionally redevelop some areas by identifying plausible vocations that ensure its survival over time and careful use by the community.
The first and most important action was the demolition of the Villa Longobardi: a controlled and selective demolition of the above ground portion of the building and all parts of the floors, the reclamation of the tanks and cisterns with related pipes. The underground part is maintained and regenerated keeping its perimeter and making it functional for setting up a cavea for small events. The side basins, the old underground walls, become large containers of vegetation.
The second action is the regeneration of the Gardens area where the biodiversity garden, the children’s area, the area for small concerts are found. This space, also with monumental constraints, has come down to us as an abandoned area. The project has recomposed the area by assigning it a high ecosystem and environmental value through the planting of over 2600 plants (perennial, medicinal, aromatic, mellifluous) and the placement of a pavilion/greenhouse that can be equipped for small events.
The third action is the control and redevelopment of the historical plant part, implemented through the initial phytosanitary investigation and the relative care of the plants. The interventions implemented were the enhancement of the existing vegetation in which the areas defined by Caregaro Negrin are now recognizable: the hill of the Beech trees and the hill of the Tassi, the management of the evolution of the main trees (with particular attention to the original Atlantic Cedar) , with the recovery of the still recognizable visit route of the park.
Funded by the European Union _ Ministry of Culture
The project received funding from the PNRR M1C3, Intervention 2.3 – Historic Parks and Gardens
The aim of the project is to give back to the City of Mogliano an important piece of the urban center and its historical memory. The intervention aims to trigger a process of controlled transformation that returns the park to its community, making it a hub of activities capable of guaranteeing the conservation of the salient aspects of the historic park and at the same time hosting the cultural and social life of the city. The potential for use and enjoyment of the Caregaro Negrin park are evident and precious for an urban center which has undergone numerous transformations, concentrated over the last few years.
The basic criteria for the development of the project refer to the Universal Design.
The participation of citizens in the reconfiguration of the historic garden has taken place since the formation of the project. Through meetings and debates, the population followed the development of both the planning and the realization.
The area is subject to various levels of restriction: the water space is controlled by the Reclamation Consortium as the derivation that feeds the internal lake acts as hydraulic invariance for the entire urban area, the area has a landscape restriction for the due to its proximity to the canal and required discussions with the municipal administration for authorisations, the park and the area of the former vegetable gardens have the highest value monumental bond
The project required the collaboration of various professionals: for historical research (the references were the historical writings and reports of Antonio Caregaro Negrin), for hydraulic structures (hydraulic engineering), for the environmental and vegetational system (through the contribution of the forest doctor), for the definition of biodiversity characteristics (landscape architect) for the identification and disposal of hazardous waste (found in the cisterns in the subsoil of the villa. This required the intervention of specialized operators). The collaboration was strategic as the definition of a project connected with the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) required control of the implementation times and methods.
Design year: project 2017 – 2022
Year Completed: 2022